CONFERENCE ON: “Why the top ten countries in the world have 60 times the GDP per capita of the bottom ten? : countries are companies”

Professor Jorge Sá (PhD Columbia University; MBA Drucker University; Jean Monnet Chair; Peter Drucker speaker) just gave a talk on: 

“Why the top ten countries in the world have 60 times the GDP per capita of the bottom ten? : countries are companies”

Following Peter Drucker’s saying “There are no underdeveloped countries, only undermanaged ones”, this empirically based conference focused on:

  • Why is Singapore, Iceland, Luxembourg, Ireland, Taiwan or Netherlands, although absolutely dispossessed of natural resources, among the wealthiest countries in the world?
  • Presented with very simple diagrams (but based on rigorous statistical research) the results explain 90% of the GDP per capita variance among a large sample of countries over a long period;
  • Countries as a whole (private sector + social + public + non working population) are seen as companies (after all there are many multinationals larger than countries) with marketing, strategy, human resources policies, etc. (all business administration areas) operationalized by official statistics or NGO indexes.

The talk was based on Professor Sá’s forthcoming book “Economic Myths and Economic Realities” which will be published in the first semester of 2024 by the American publisher A. Macauley (cover, index and back cover below):


Jorge Sá recently retired from Professor at IESE associated AESE (site:

He is a Peter Drucker expert and a speaker on Peter Drucker, with whom he studied and who offered letters of recommendation for his books and endorsements for his work.

His books have been translated into twelve languages, published over thirty articles in blind refereed academic reviews and journals, has addressed conferences and given seminars at several institutions (e.g. TED USA – –, London Business School, Oxford, IESE, George Washington University, Peter Drucker Society of Europe, European Commission, etc.), and has worked as private consultant, non-executive director or taught in the executive programs of multinational companies such as: Coca-Cola, SHELL, Unisys, IBM, Glaxo, British Petroleum – BP, Makro (Metro group), Intermarché, Scottish & Newcastle, Sara Lee, Total, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, Henkel, McDonald’s, UnitedHealth group, Vodafone, Merck, Volkswagen Group, Microsoft, etc.

He speaks and writes (by alphabetical order) English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish.

His hobbies are soccer (degree as professional coach) and the relation between military history (battles) and business administration, having written several books on the topic.

For more information on this conference please check our website at: or contact us at .